SpaceX’s FCC approvals are contingent on the company being able to launch half of all these satellites within the next six years. So far, SpaceX has only launched two test Starlink satellites, nicknamed TinTin A and TinTin B, which flew to space in February of 2018. The duo seemed to perform well, according to Musk and SpaceX investors, though the company did end up keeping the satellites in a lower orbit than originally planned.
On Saturday, SpaceX CEO Elon Musk revealed the 60 satellites his company will be launching this week — the first batch of thousands of satellites that SpaceX hopes to deploy in the years ahead to provide global internet coverage from space. Musk tweeted a picture of the satellites packed tight together inside the nosecone of the Falcon 9 rocket that will take the spacecraft to orbit.
The satellites are the first operational units of SpaceX’s Starlink initiative, a planned mega-constellation of nearly 12,000 spacecraft that will sit in a low orbit above Earth and beam internet connectivity to the surface below.
The Federal Communications Commission has granted SpaceX permission to launch two groups of satellites for the Starlink project: one constellation of 4,409 satellites, followed by a second constellation of 7,518 that will operate at a slightly lower altitude than the first. Together, the satellites are meant to fly in a synchronized dance over the Earth, providing internet to every region of the planet.
As a result, SpaceX successfully petitioned the FCC to fly some of its satellites in the lower orbit, based on what the company had learned from those test satellites.
Now the company is preparing to launch the Starlink project in earnest. This first group of 60 consists of “production design” spacecraft that are different than the TinTin satellites, according to Musk.
However last week during a satellite conference, SpaceX president and COO Gwynne Shotwell noted that these satellites still lack some design features needed for the final constellation, according to a report in Space News. While the satellites will have antennas for communicating with Earth and the capability to maneuver through space, they won’t be able to communicate with one another in orbit, she said.
Shotwell ultimately referred to this batch as “demonstration” satellites, which will test out how the company plans to deploy these vehicles into orbit. On Twitter, Musk noted that the satellites are flat-packed inside the nosecone, or payload fairing, and there is no dispenser for deploying them into orbit. More details will about the mission will be provided on launch day, he said. The flight is currently scheduled for May 15th out of Cape Canaveral, Florida.